Once upon a time, education has begun in India under the administration of a Guru. Due to superiority complexes, education was made accessible only to a few castes and the duties they have to go through for belonging to a particular caste. Fast forward to 2019, things have changed totally. Upside down.
The structure and accessibility of learning have changed with a few odds and the ends of the British Era. Our leaders had drafted an incredible constitution that enshrined the fundamental rights of the citizens. One among such rights is the Right To Education (RTE ) or The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education Act.
A Long Yet Shortly Packed Story Behind the Right To Education(RTE)
Education – a noun.
According to the Oxford dictionary, the word Education means to acquire knowledge, skills, values, and beliefs in different aspects of human lives. It is a process of learning and gaining knowledge. Also, education is a fundamental human right that pushes for individual freedom and empowerment and generates essential developmental benefits.
If we go a few years down the lane, like in ancient times of India, we had something called Gurukul System. In this system, an individual who wants to get educated is expected to go to the Guru(teacher)’s house or his ashram(more like school in today’s gen). The Guru then decides whether to accept the student to stay at his place and get trained under him.
The learning was something not confined to memorize information and to represent in the examinations(like now, duh!). The Guru used to teach the students whatever they would like to learn, ranging from Applied Mathematics to Aquatic Sciences. But, getting such quality and valuable education wasn’t meant for everyone. There have been few communities of people who experienced consistent denial to access to education since the 1850s.
Now, let us go back again to the literal meaning of Education and why anyone needs it. Ideally, it is the process to ensure that the choices we make are right. An educated person has the capability to differentiate good and bad. Also, do you know that education is a fundamental human right?
What is a human right?
Human rights are instinctive to all human beings irrespective of their age, gender, color, caste, religion, region, language, or any other status. Provided that, you need to recognize that education is everyone’s right. And, Thanks to the Constitution of India, we have come a long way in making education every individual’s right – The Right To Education(RTE).
What is The Right To Education (RTE) Act all about?
A wise man once said that “children of today are the leaders of tomorrow & education is a very important weapon to prepare children for their future roles as the leaders of the community.”
Could it be any more true?
Education is important for children as they build tomorrow in the world. It is crystal known that the childhood stage is the period where a child gets the opportunity to develop physically, mentally, emotionally, psychologically, and develop an awareness of themselves. Therefore, the act states,
This Article 21A and RTE came into effect on 1 April 2010.
Salient Features of the Right To Education Act 2009
F. A. Q
The endorsement of the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education(RET) is essential as it enables every child to get quality elementary education. It has been constructed by two principles, that is, the education has to be child-centered and child-friendly.
Free education suggests that a child of age 6 to 14 is eligible to complete elementary education for free. This is provided by the State’s respective Government. During this phase, he or she does not need to pay any sort of compensation. Either it is direct fee such as school fees or the indirect fee such as transportation, meals, stationery, uniforms etcetera. Please remember that parents do not need to endure even a single penny.
As the name suggests, compulsory education means that it is mandatory for a child ages between 6 and 14 who needs to get admitted to the school and complete elementary education in a neighborhood school.
According to The Right To Educate(RTE), the standards narrowed down to Pupil-Teacher Ratio(i.e., number of children per teacher), basic infrastructure such as separate toilets for boys and girls, hygienic drinking water facility, contemporary classrooms, and so on. Any elementary school in India must have to obey these minimum standards established by the RTE Act.
The Right To Education(RTE) acts rationally in allocating teachers to ensure there is no rural-urban imbalance. Under this Act, every teacher has to be an appropriately trained teacher. In layman terms, he/she should possess required academic qualifications in the respective field
No! Under the Right To Education(RTE), all the private schools need to preserve 25% of the admissions for children pertaining to financially weaker or socially disadvantaged sections. The only reason the Government has adopted this practice to stretch the social composition for a brighter and better India.
As we mentioned earlier, during this education, no child gets punished physically or mentally. There will be two teachers for every 60 students at the primary level. Further, those students have to attend school punctually, teach according to the curriculum, evaluate students’ learning abilities, and conduct consistent Parents-Teacher Meetings(PTM).